What is the meaning of subculture and what is its importance?
So subculture means the culture which has differentiated norms and Values from its parent culture. Subculture often maintains the founding principles of the parent culture.
Subcultures create their own norms and values regarding political as well as cultural matters. They keep their specialties as well as specific characteristics intact as they’re a part of the society. Bikers, hippies and Goth are examples of subcultures. The main development of subcultures took place in cultural studies as well as sociology. Counter Culture and subcultures are two different matters of the society’s part.
In the Oxford English dictionary, the meaning of subculture is quite different, it says “the subcultures are cultural groups which exist within the larger cultures, and have interests and beliefs different from the larger culture.” In 1950 David Reisman differentiated between a majority group who “accepted the commercially provided store styles and the meanings associated with them ” and a minority group forming the ‘subculture’ which took part in subversive values and actively sought minority styles.
In the year 1979 Dick Hebdige released his book in which he argued that subcultures are the subversion of normalcy. The name of the book is “Subculture: The Meaning of Style”. According to him subcultures dominated societal standards and were criticized usually thus Perceiving negativity. To Hebdige’s belief subcultures brought like minded people closer who felt neglected by the society of high standard, also it helped them in developing an identity.
In year 1995, Sarah Thornton said that “subcultural capital” is the cultural commodity and knowledge that the minority group had in common and differentiated them from other groups and members. In the year 2007 Ken Gelder differentiated counter cultures from subcultures and it was done on the basis of immersion of these cultures in the society. There are 6 key ways proposed by Gelder in which subcultures can be identified such as:
- The relation with work was seen negative, i.e. parasitic or idle, at leisure or at play.)
- There was a negative relationship with the class as subcultures don’t conform to a single traditional class definition and thus subcultures are not class conscious.
- Association with the territory instead of properties i.e. the hood, the club, the street etc.
- There are movements outside home and are indulged in domestic forms of belongings that is they’ve social groups other than families.
- Stylistic ties to exaggerations and excess. Well, they do have exceptions.
- Refuse to Massification and the banalities associated with the ordinary life.
There are many more personalities who did their research on subcultures and countercultures which mostly had sociologists included.
In year 1979 two sociologists Sheryl Kleinman and Gary Alan Fine argued that subcultures depict a group who motivates many potential members to shoot the behavior, artifacts asking with the values and norms which is the main characteristic of the group.
Interesting subcultures that you’ll love to know about:
So, there are many subcultures which are formed over time by a minority group of people who are said to be like minded. Well, many of these minority groups were able to establish their own identity and independently owned their values and norms.
So, let’s have a look at different kinds of subcultures that you might find interesting.
- The Parsis
The Parsis are the descendants of the people who were driven out of Iran due to religious persecution. They flew to India during 640 CE. There is widespread community of Parsis in the present scenario and that is mainly due to the immigration of professionals to the USA and Europe who are highly qualified. The Parsis initially were considered as the followers of Zoroastrian religion which dated back to 3000 BCE.
Due wisp is their Central tenet which can also be found in the earlier religions. They keep up with the previous religious tenets even when they tube their lives in the present scenario. Presently Parsis are taking part in politics, cultural activities, philanthropy and businesses very actively and are getting highly educated too. Within the past few decades the community has been dwindling due to less birth ratios and marriages.
- Real Vampires
Alright, this term “real vampires” must have already got your attention. Many of the people in the present generation are curious about learning more and more about vampires, but to be honest vampires are creatures which have fascinated mankind a lot. Thus, there are secret community which consists of members who firmly believe that they might feed on blood or the psychic power that can be found from other humans. They believe and do so in order to stabilize their physical, mental as well as emotional well-being. Over the past three decades, there’s a group which has got a lot of exposure on social media and is thus growing rapidly. Like many other young subcultures vampire’s community help people to meet online with similar living or psychology. They perform specified vampire centric events and they mostly meet in private. They follow a strict moral code which holds it safe and consent as a paramount concern.
Cybergoths is a subculture which is a mixture of Goth, Raver, cyberpunk and Rivethead fashion. They follow electronic dance music rather than rock music. The cybergoths usually wear black colored attire along with hints of neon colors. Usually the clothing’s are made of huge platform boots, PVC and many reflective materials. Few cyber Goths wear Shiny PVC marks similar to the doctor’s and also gas masks. They get multiple piercing which is a must and they wear glasses more often. Their hair extensions, mostly incorporate bright colors.
Mostly cybergoths are found to be the center of Nightlife and are mainly found in the United Kingdom which provides them with clubs such as the Wendy house in Leeds, slim light Autonomy in Leicester, Nightmare in Nottingham, Tech noir in New Castle, club antichrist in London, chains in velvet in Norwich and Bedlam at Queen Margaret Union in Glasgow, along with the yearly infest festival. Cybergoths in the U.S. connect via the internet on different online platforms. A forum site that maintains and acitve subculture is XMEETS as detailed by https://hookupdatingreviews.com.
Other than UK cybergoths are also found in the US as well as Canada.
In the US there are clubs like Necto in Ann Arbor, Leland city club in Detroit, Tampa, the castle in Ybor City, Das bunkers in Los Angeles and death guild in San Francisco which shows the strong presence of cybergoths. In Canada the cyber goths subculture is found at Toronto club with the event of Toronto’s monthly Dark rave.…